HIGH COURT OF DELHI AT NEW DELHI + MAT. Appeal No.32/2009 Decided on : 28th May, 2015 SUMAN KUNDRA ...... Appellant Through: Mr. A.S. Chandhiok, Senior Advocate with Mrs. Avnish Ahlawat & Ms. Rashmi Chopra, Advocates. Versus SANJEEV KUNDRA ...... Respondent Through: Mr. Jai Bansal & Mr. Nath Mohan Prafulla, Advocates. CORAM: HON'BLE MR. JUSTICE V.K. SHALI V.K. SHALI, J.
6. Though the nomenclature of an application is really not material and the substance is to be seen, yet it cannot be said that a party shall be permitted to indicate any provision and thereafter contend that the nomenclature should be ignored. Duty is cast on the parties to properly frame their applications and indicate the provisions of law applicable for making the application. Nomenclature may not be normally material. But there is a purpose in indicating the nomenclature in a clear and precise manner. Though it is the substance and not the form which is material but as indicated above, that cannot be a reason to quote an inappropriate provision of law and then say "Don't look at the nomenclature". The care and caution which is required to be taken cannot be diluted to absurd limits. The care and caution required to be observed while making an application in the highest Court of the State are sadly missing in this case. Order XVIII Rule 17 deals with recall and examination of a witness and reads as follows:
"The Court may at any stage of a suit recall any witness who has been examined andmay subject to the law of evidence for the time being in force put such questions to him as the Court thinks fit."
27. In the aforesaid case, although the application for recalling and examination of a witness was filed but wrong provision of law was mentioned. The Supreme Court although impressed upon correct mentioning of the provisions of law for filing the application, but on merits of the matter as the application was filed under a wrong provision, the aggrieved party was permitted to file a fresh application under Order 18 Rule 17 which if it chose to do and the same was to be dealt with by the trial court meaning thereby that although the court impressed upon the mentioning of the correct provisions of law for the purpose of filing of an application or for that matter which would applicable to a petition also, but it did not oust the aggrieved party in the said case only on technicalities of not granting it an opportunity to rectify the deficiency by filing a fresh application under the relevant provision.
17. Amendment of Pleadings.- the Court may at any stage at the proceedings allow either party to alter or amend his pleadings in such manner and on such terms as may be just, and all such amendments shall be made as may be necessary for the purpose of determining the real questions in controversy between the parties:
Provided that no application for amendment shall be allowed after the trial has commenced, unless the court comes to the conclusion that in spite of due diligence, the party could not have raised the matter before the commencement of trial.
" The purpose and object of Order 6 Rule 17 CPC is to allow either party to alter or amend his pleadings in such manner and on such terms as may be just. The power to allow the amendment is wide and can be exercised at any stage of the proceedings in the interests of justice on the basis of guidelines laid down by various High Courts and the Supreme Court. It is true that the amendment cannot be claimed as a matter of right and under all circumstances. But it is equally true that the courts while deciding such prayers should not adopt hypertechnical approach. Liberal approach should be the general rule particularly in cases where the other side can be compensated with the costs. Technicalities of law should not be permitted to hamper the courts in, the administration of justice between the parties. Amendments are allowed in the pleadings to avoid uncalled for multiplicity of litigation.